FOUNDING: December 1874
Founding the American Neurological Association was the inspiration of Dr. William Alexander Hammond. A Committee of Organization included Graeme Hammond, Meredith Clymer, T.M.B. Cross and Edward C. Seguin of New York, Roberts Bartholow of Cincinnati, James S. Jewell of Chicago, and James J. Putnam of Boston met in December 1874.

Twenty-eight physicians were invited to participate in the establishment of a "society to be called The American Neurological Association, devoted to the cultivation of Neurological Science, in its normal and pathological relations. The number of members not to exceed fifty."

First Meeting, June 1875
The first meeting was held June 2-4, 1875 at the Y.M.C.A. Hall on the corner of Fourth and Twenty-third Street, New York City. A constitution and by-laws were adopted and the slate of officers elected:

President
S. Weir Mitchell, Philadelphia

First Vice-President
J. S. Jewell, Chicago

Second Vice-President
E. H. Clarke, Boston

Corresponding Secretary
J. J. Mason, New York

Recording Secretary and Treasurer
E. C. Seguin, New York

Curator
J. W. S. Arnold, New York

Because S. Weir Mitchell declined the office, Dr. Jewell was unanimously declared President of the Association for the inaugural year 1875-1876 and was re-elected for three years.

Transactions of the ANA
The meetings of the American Neurological Association have always centered around the presentation of original, scientific papers that in the past were followed by recorded discussions. The founding members, realizing the value of these papers and discussions, published the proceedings annually as the Transactions of the American Neurological Association, beginning with Vol. 1, 1875. In 1876, Dr. Jewell became the editor of the Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease and began publishing the proceedings of the ANA meetings, until 1919 when the American Medical Association began publication of the Archives of Neurology and Psychiatry. The official publication was then transferred to the ANA journal. The Association also arranged for separately bound copies to be sent to members as well as medical schools in the United States and Europe.

In 1975 the Association founded the Annals of Neurology to produce its own professional journal and the ANA Archives of Neurology was no longer offered. The Association ceased the separate publication of the Transactions in 1981.